Divine Propitiation Part 3 -- By: Richard Herman Seume

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 099:396 (Oct 1942)
Article: Divine Propitiation Part 3
Author: Richard Herman Seume


Divine Propitiation
Part 3

Richard Herman Seume

(Continued from the July-September Number, 1942)

{Editor’s note: Footnotes in the original printed edition were numbered 28–47, but in this electronic edition are numbered 1–20 respectively.}

The Means of Propitiation (cont.)

2. The Scriptural Teaching of the Doctrine. (cont.)

a. As Prefigured in the Old Testament.(cont.)

(3) The Day of Atonement (Lev 16).

The events of the annual Day of Atonement present the truth of substitution in remarkable fulness and power. Historically, the sixteenth chapter of Leviticus gives us a record of the events of the Day of Atonement “whereby Jehovah’s relationship with the assembly was established and maintained, and all the sins, failures, and infirmities of the people fully atoned for, so that the Lord God might dwell among them. The blood which was shed upon this solemn day formed the basis of Jehovah’s throne in the midst of the congregation. In virtue of it, a holy God could take up His abode in the midst of the people, notwithstanding all their uncleanness.... The sacrifices of their one day formed the ground of God’s dealing in grace, mercy, patience, and forbearance.”1 Let us note the record in Leviticus 16:7–10, “And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for the scapegoat. And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the Lord’s lot fell, and offer him for a sin-offering. But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the Lord, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness.”

To quote once more the pertinent comment of

C. H. Mackintosh on the significance of these two goats, “In these two goats, we have the two aspects of atonement already referred to; ‘the Lord’s lot’ fell upon one, and the people’s lot fell upon the other. In the case of the former, it was not a question of the persons or the sins which were to be forgiven, nor of God’s counsels of grace toward His elect. These things, I need hardly say, are of infinite moment; but they are not involved in the case of ‘the goat on which the Lord’s lot fell.’ This latter typifies the death of Christ as that wherein God has been perfectly glorified with respect to sin in general. This great truth is fully set forth in the remarkable expression, ‘the Lord’s lot.’ God has a peculiar portion in the dea...

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