The Discourse Function Of ἀπεκρίθη καὶ εἶπεν (“He Answered And Said”) In The Gospel Of John -- By: Mavis M. Leung
BSac 171:683 (July-September 2014) p. 307
The Discourse Function Of ἀπεκρίθη καὶ εἶπεν (“He Answered And Said”) In The Gospel Of John
Mavis M. Leung is Associate Professor of New Testament, Evangel Seminary, Hong Kong.
A large portion of John’s story about Jesus consists of direct or indirect speeches. Besides the common verb of speaking, λέγω (“say” or “speak”), which occurs
Yet Abbott mentioned that the Johannine phrase ἀπεκρίθη καὶ εἶπεν is mainly used to introduce “elementary doctrine or explanation of misunderstanding.”1 More recently, Levinsohn says that the verb ἀποκρίνομαι by itself is John’s “default way of introducing a response to a previous speech or non-verbal stimulus.”2 In contrast,
BSac 171:683 (July-September 2014) p. 308
the phrase ἀπεκρίθη καὶ εἶπεν has the rhetorical effect of “highlight[ing] the response,” which often represents “a significant counter” or “a significant new initiative” to a speech or an action.3 Runge analyzes the discourse function of ἀπεκρίθη καὶ εἶπεν under the heading of “redundant quotative frame,” which contains “extra verbs of speaking to ‘frame’ or introduce a speech.”4 He notes that discussions in traditional grammars have focused more on the possibl...
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