The Resurrection Of Jesus In Luke -- By: I. Howard Marshall
TynBul 24:1 (1973) p. 55
The Resurrection Of Jesus In Luke
Our concern in this paper is the somewhat unfashionable one of attempting to discover the historical basis which lies behind Luke’s account of the resurrection of Jesus. We shall, therefore, discuss the more fashionable themes of Luke’s stylistic and theological handling of is material and the tradition-history of that material only to he extent that they may help us to answer the historical question. At the same time we can hardly hope to solve the historical question without a detailed consideration of the other Gospels.1 All that can be attempted here is to set down the historical evidence as supplied by Luke, and the task of relating it in detail to the other evidence must be left aside for the moment.
The Lucan narrative is presented as a connected whole, marked by a unity of time and space.2 It consists of the following parts. After the account of the burial of Jesus in Luke 23:50–56 there is the visit of the women to the tomb on Easter Sunday, followed by their announcement to the apostles of what they had experienced (24:1–12). Then in 24:13–35 comes the story of the appearance of Jesus to the two travellers on the way to Emmaus; on their return to Jerusalem they join the other followers of Jesus who tell them that Jesus has appeared to Simon, and while they are together Jesus again appears in their midst, convinces them of His identity and gives them instruction (24:36–43, 44–49). Finally, He leads them out to Bethany where He departs from them (24:50–53).3 There is
TynBul 24:1 (1973) p. 56
also another account of the ascension of Jesus in Acts 1:1–11 which repeats the story in the Gospel more fully and from a different angle. It has been argued that one or both of these narratives of the ascension may not be an original part of Luke’s work but I propose to assume that in fact both accounts come from his pen.4 One further assumption which I propose to make is that in general the so-called ‘western non-interpolations’ in Luke 24 are a true part of the text,5 although each ...
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