He That Cometh In Mark 1:7 And Matt 24:30 -- By: Gordon D. Kirchhevel

Journal: Bulletin for Biblical Research
Volume: BBR 04:1 (NA 1994)
Article: He That Cometh In Mark 1:7 And Matt 24:30
Author: Gordon D. Kirchhevel

He That Cometh In Mark 1:7 And Matt 24:30

Gordon D. Kirchhevel

Chicago, Illinois

According to Mark 1:7 John the Baptist expected the coming of someone perceived as predicted in Isa 5:26-27. According to Matt 24:30 Jesus expected to come as the individual perceived in Isa 5:26-30 and the Targum (Aramaic interpretation), and so the “sign” of his coming meant the “sign” in Isa 5:26, and the “clouds” meant the “clouds” in Isa 5:30 and Targumic tradition. Messianic Isa 11:10 and Aramaic tradition inspired John 14:2- 3, and Mark 13:27 coheres dictionally with Tg. Isa 11:12. The messianic interpretation of Psalm 8 in Mark 2:10, 28 was preceded by one in 1 Cor 15:27, and the messianic interpretation of Isa 5:26-30 in Mark 13:26 was preceded by one in 1 Thess 4:13-18 (“the word of the Lord” = Isa 5:26-30).

Key Words: Parousia (Second Coming), Isaiah Targum (Aramaic tradition), prediction (prophecy), messianic interpretation (son of man).

All English translations not identified are my own. Verbal similarities between Isaiah and the gospels are underlined.

Was Isa 5:26-30 understood in the first century to have predicted the Messiah’s coming? This article briefly compares three predictions in Isaiah (5:26-30; 11:10, 12) with similar ones in the gospels (Mark 1:7; 8:38; 13:26-27; Matt 24:30; John 14:2-3). This is done with the aid of Aramaic tradition, as it is attested in the distinctive Aramaic interpretation (Targum) of Isaiah. The similarities tend to support the hypothesis that Mark 1:7 and

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