The Biblical Covenants Part 3 -- By: Charles Fred Lincoln

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 100:400 (Oct 1943)
Article: The Biblical Covenants Part 3
Author: Charles Fred Lincoln

The Biblical Covenants
Part 3

Charles Fred Lincoln

(Concluded from the July-September Number, 1943)

{Editor’s note: The footnote in the original printed edition was numbered 3, but in this electronic edition is numbered 1.}

II. The Major Biblical Covenants

4. The Palestinian Covenant.

The Palestinian Covenant is found in chapters 29 and 30 of the book of Deuteronomy. Verse 1 of chapter 29 shows that it is a covenant distinct from the Covenant of the Law given on Mount Sinai: “These are the words of the covenant, which the LORD commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, beside the covenant which he made with them in Horeb.” It was given just before they entered into the land of promise, but there is everywhere a recognition that there would be a dispersion of the nation from the land of promise and the Covenant of Palestine looks to the distant future. Chapters 27 and 28 of Deuteronomy, which record possible blessings and warnings of cursings according to the law of Moses, indicate the conditions upon which Israel then entered into the land of promise. This is clarified by the words recorded in Joshua 8:30–35. An altar was erected, verses 30, 31; a copy of the law of Moses was written on the stones of the altar, verse 32; the people took their places as commanded in Deuteronomy 27, verse 33; and lastly the words of blessings and cursings of Deuteronomy 27 and 28 were read, verses 34, 35. Israel’s actual entrance into the land, then, was according to legal conditions which they did not fulfil. This truth is declared also in Hebrews 8:7–13ff, where the Old Covenant of the Law and the New Covenant of Israel’s redemption are compared.

The covenant is called the Palestinian Covenant because

Deuteronomy 30:1–10, where the covenant is recorded, gives prominence to the regatheri...

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