Exegetical Studies in Zechariah Part 16 -- By: Charles Lee Feinberg
BSac 101:404 (Oct 44) p. 434
Exegetical Studies in Zechariah
(Continued from the Apri1-June Number, 1944)
IV. The Future of the World Powers, Israel, and the Kingdom of Messiah, 9-14.
A. The First Burden, 9-11.
4. Additional Blessings for Israel, 10:1-12.
Whereas in former days of disobedience Israel knew the tyrannical oppression of foreign shepherds (compare verses 2 and 3), they shall enjoy in future days, in the time of God’s restored favor, the beneficent and benevolent rule of their own rulers, particularly that of the Messiah. Zechariah predicts: “From him shall be the corner-stone, from him the nail, from him the battle-bow; from him shall go forth every oppressor together” (v. 4). The word ממנו is undoubtedly of great importance for it is found four times in this verse. Wright (so also Von Orelli) refers it to the Lord. His arguments are: (1) a similar sense in Hosea 8:4 refers to Jehovah; (2) the proximity of the suffix of the word הודו to mimmennu; (3) Judah is treated as a plural in אותם (verse 3) and all the verbs of verse 5. In answer to the first contention it must be readily admitted that the cases are not parallel; it is evident that the Lord is speaking of Himself in the Hosea passage, whereas that cannot be easily claimed for our text in Zechariah. The suffix in hodho may indeed be close to the word under discussion, but the subject emphasized in verse 3(b) is God’s flock and God’s majestic horse, namely, Judah. Lastly, it is true that Judah is spoken of in verses 3 and 5 by the use of the plural, but surely Judah is also referred to in the words flock and horse which are singular. Hebrew usage shifts easily from the singular to the plural in the discussion of the same subject, so that no argument can be based entirely upon this factor. With the majority
BSac 101:404 (Oct 44) p. 435
of interpreters of the passage, therefore, we understand Judah to be meant. It will be from Judah herself that One will come to rule righteously and will both empower them to the conflict and assure of ultimate victory over the enemy. Note the important confirmation of our position in You must have a subscription and be logged in to read the entire article.
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