The Significance of the Name of Christ -- By: Ralph Rogers Hawthorne

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 103:411 (Jul 1946)
Article: The Significance of the Name of Christ
Author: Ralph Rogers Hawthorne


The Significance of the Name of Christ

Ralph Rogers Hawthorne

(Continued from the April-June Number, 1946)

Significance in Prophecy

It is of utmost importance to see that the name of Christ is not revealed in the New Testament alone. There are numerous Messianic passages in the Old Testament—vastly more than it is generally realized. Indeed, one guarantee of the Lord’s Messiahship rests on the unmistakable fact that a considerable amount of prophecy concerning Him has been fulfilled literally in minute detail. Herein lies the proof that further events prophesied also shall yet be brought to pass in their predestined time and order.

The term prophecy as used here is not to be confined to those Old Testament books which are distinctly prophetic, i.e., the ones penned by prophets as such. The Hebrew canon, to be sure, consists of three distinct divisions: (1) the Law—Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy (the Pentateuch); (2) the Prophets—(a) the Former Prophets or Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings; (b) the Latter Prophets or Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Twelve (Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habbakuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi); and (3) the Hagiographa (Kethubhim)—(a) the Poetical Books or Psalms, Proverbs, Job; (b) the Megilloth or Song of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther; (c) the Historical Books of Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, 1 and 2 Chronicles.1 Throughout this canon, of course, the Son of God is portrayed in some detail by every book. He is surely the

heart-interest of the Father. He must be presented to lost man in every inspired record.

Christ made many appearances on earth before the incarnation. Goodspeed records altogether twenty-eight.2 In all of these theophanies Deity was manifested in visible and bodily form. Generally, the Son of God presented Himself as the Angel of Jehovah, one clearly distinct from angelic beings in general. Walvoord shows that Christ is the Angel of Jehovah by the use of four lines of evidence: “ (1) The Second Person is the visible God of the New Testament…. (2) The Angel of Jehovah of the Old Testament no longer appears after the incarnation of Christ…. (3) Both the Angel of Jehovah and Christ are sent by the Father…. (4) The Angel of Jehovah could not be either the Father or the Holy Spirit.”3

It is often difficult to distinguish between the Persons of the Godhead in the Old Testament. Furthermore, it would be impracticable within ...

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