Biblical Typology -- By: Charles T. Fritsch

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 104:413 (Jan 1947)
Article: Biblical Typology
Author: Charles T. Fritsch

Biblical Typology

Charles T. Fritsch

(Continued from the October-December Number, 1946)

Typological Interpretation in the New Testament

In the first lecture we described the rebirth of Old Testament Biblical Theology, with its emphasis upon the Bible as revelation and as an organic whole. In the second lecture we traced the roots of this renewed interest in the Bible back through Schlatter to the Heilsgeschichtliche Schule of the 19th century, which was a reaction not only against the rationalistic, evolutionary historicism of the day but also against the dead and static orthodoxy of early Protestant theology. We have seen how this view of the Bible as redemptive history has made it a living organism, revealing God’s activity in history and in the human soul to the end that He may have unbroken fellowship with the crown of His creation. All Scripture points to this end, the Old Testament to Christ and the New Testament to the final consummation of God’s plan of redemption. Thus prophecy and eschatology are delivered from the shackles of a deadening, mechanical systematization whereby the system becomes the all-important factor, and are set in the correct perspective of God’s eternal redemptive purpose as it relates to you and me as individuals.

Now, one evidence of the teleological character of Scripture in general and of the organic connection between the Old and New Testaments in particular is the relation between type and antitype. It is to this subject we address ourselves during the last two lectures of this series.

Our English word ‘type’ comes from the Greek word τύπος meaning ‘blow,’ and is connected with the verb τύπτω

meaning ‘to beat, strike.’ The noun τύπος is found fourteen times in the New Testament and is used in the following ways: (1) “the visible impression” of a stroke, “the trace, mark” (John 20:25, “the print of the nails”). (2) “a plastic image formed out of material” (Acts 7:43 from Amos 5:26, “the figures (or images) which ye made…”). (3) “the form, figure, standard” (Rom 6:17, “the form (or standard) of teaching”; Acts 23:25, “a letter after this form”). (4) “the type, pattern, model”: (a) technically, “copy, model” (Acts 7:44, “according to the

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