Series in Christology Part 4: The Preincarnate Son of God -- By: John F. Walvoord

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 104:416 (Oct 1947)
Article: Series in Christology Part 4: The Preincarnate Son of God
Author: John F. Walvoord

Series in Christology
Part 4: The Preincarnate Son of God

John F. Walvoord

{Editor’s note: Footnotes in the printed original were numbered from 19–24, but in this electronic edition are numbered from 1–6, respectively.}

II. The Work of the Preincarnate Son of God

The Old Testament Theophanies

The word theophany, coming from θεός (God) and φαίνω (to appear) has historically been taken to refer to appearances of Christ in the Old Testament. Another term often used is epiphany (appearance to someone). In the Bible, theophanies have reference specifically to Christ.1 Usually they are limited to appearances of Christ in the form of man or angel, other forms of appearance, such as the Shekinah, not being considered as a formal theophany. The principal theophany of the Old Testament is the Angel of Jehovah, which has been shown in previous discussions to be the Son of God appearing in the form of an angel.2

The Angel of Jehovah. As the most frequent form of theophany in the Old Testament, the Angel of Jehovah affords a rich study in revelation of the Person and work of Christ in His preincarnate state. Reference to the Angel of Jehovah or the Angel of the presence is found throughout the entire Old Testament (Gen 16:7–13; 21:17; 22:11–18; 24:7, 40; 31:11; 32:24–32; cf. Hos 12:4; Gen 48:15, 16; Exod 3:2; cf. Acts 7:30–35; Exod 13:21; cf. 14:19; 23:20–23; 32:34; 33:2; Num 20:16; 22:22–35; Judg 2:1–4; 5:23; 6:11–24; 13:3–23; You must have a subscription and be logged in to read the entire article.
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