Series in Christology Part 5: The Incarnation of the Son of God -- By: John F. Walvoord

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 106:421 (Jan 1949)
Article: Series in Christology Part 5: The Incarnation of the Son of God
Author: John F. Walvoord


Series in Christology
Part 5:
The Incarnation of the Son of God

John F. Walvoord

[Author’s note: With deep regret the series of articles on Christology are brought to a close with this Number, in order to comply with many requests for a series on the millennial issue. We hope at a later date to follow up the Christological articles published, which completed the treatment of the Old Testament contribution, with a detailed study of the New Testament records.]

{Editor’s note: Footnotes in the original printed edition were numbered 14–16, but in this electronic edition are numbered 1–3 respectively.}

II. Christological Typology (Continued)

Typical Institutions and Ceremonies

In addition to the many typical persons, events, and things which foreshadow the person and work of Christ in the Old Testament, there are typical institutions and ceremonies. As Jesus Christ is the central theme of revelation, it is not strange that most types should speak expressly of Him and this is true in the types under consideration. Many of the types previously considered are also related to typical institutions and ceremonies. In the discussion to follow, unnecessary duplication will be avoided.

The important typical institutions and ceremonies include the Old Testament priesthoods, the sacrifices, the feasts of Jehovah, the cities of refuge, and the Sabbath. These are representative of this field, at least, and will provide another glimpse of the beauties of the person and work of Christ.

The sacrifices. It is necessary only to mention here that the sacrifices previously considered under typical things1 are in themselves typical institutions. The sin offering, trespass offering, meal offering, peace offering, and burnt offering occupy a central place. These and other offerings are an integral part of the Levitical ritual which was revealed and required by God. All of the sacrifices point to the person and work of Christ as the New Testament makes very clear. For the devout heart seeking to know more of the love and grace of God the Old Testament sacrifices provide a rich area of

meditation and study. In any case they make the essential requirement of shed blood to stand out boldly in the divine pattern of salvation for lost man and erring saints.

The Old Testament priesthoods. In previous discussion both Aaron and Melchizedek were found to be types of Christ.2 Both the Aaronic and Melchizedek priesthoods are types of the priesthood of Christ. The earliest kind of priesthood in the Old Test...

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