Editorials -- By: Anonymous

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 107:426 (Apr 1950)
Article: Editorials
Author: Anonymous



God sees but two representative men, and all humanity is comprehended either in one or the other of them. He sees the first Adam, with a race fallen and lost in him. And He sees the Last Adam, with a new creation redeemed and exalted in Him. Vital distinctions are observable between these two headships. The truth unfolded respecting Adam may be divided into that found in the Old Testament and that found in the New.

The Old Testament contribution to this doctrine, from which important facts and features may be drawn, is almost wholly historical. Adam appears as one directly created by God, and as the progenitor of the human race. Record is made of his estate as created, of his relationship to God, of his temptation and of his fall. He is thus presented as a living person, one endowed with the same capacities as all other men who appear in the Sacred Text.

Not only does Genesis record Adam’s origin and estate, but all subsequent Scripture builds its teaching on the reality and truthfulness of the Genesis account. In this way the Bible is consistent with itself. Having declared the origin of the race after the manner set forth in Genesis, it treats those records as true. There is no shadow of suspicion that any other theory relative to man’s origin than this may exist. Thus, he who rejects the Genesis account rejects the whole Bible in so far as it bears upon the origin, development, history, redemption and destiny of the race sprung from Adam. In the doctrinal scheme of the Bible, too, Adam and Christ are so interwoven and interdependent it must be concluded that, if the Genesis account respecting the former be erroneous (on the theory, for example, that he was a character who never existed), the record respecting Christ is subject to question also.

It is evident that Adam was created a full-grown man,

with the capacities which belong to maturity. He is said to have given names, accordingly, to all creatures as they passed before him; he walked and talked with God; and of him God could say that His creation was very good. There would be little meaning to Adam’s temptation and fall as the head of the race if—as has been asserted—he was immature in his mind or character.

The New Testament teaching regarding Adam and Christ is one of type and antitype, but in every respect save one, namely, that each is the head of a creation of beings, the typology is one of direct contrast. Two primary passages of Scripture are to be considered and also other secondary passages.

First, Romans 5:12–21. Observing but two representative men, God likewise sees just two works—on...

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