Book Reviews -- By: Anonymous

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 114:453 (Jan 1957)
Article: Book Reviews
Author: Anonymous


Book Reviews

Revelation Twenty: An Exposition. By J. Marcellus Kik. Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., Philadelphia, 1955. 92 pp. $2.00.

The twentieth chapter of Revelation has long been considered the crux of the millennial argument. While premillenarians have paid large attention to this portion of Scripture, amillennarians have seldom provided a detailed exposition. The author of this volume rejects both the premillennial interpretation and the contemporary amillennial view that the millennium is the intermediate state. Instead, he expounds the passage as teaching the traditional Augustinian interpretation, i.e., that the millennium is an expression referring to the interadvent period.

The author is to be commended for faithfulness to the inspiration of Scripture and an obvious desire to exalt the Word of God. While he is familiar with premillennial interpretation, he does not seem to be aware of the grounds on which premillenarians reject many of his arguments. On the whole, however, the volume will be illuminating to those who may be seeking a contemporary exposition of Augustinian amillennialism.

His exegesis hangs on the identification of the first resurrection of Revelation 20:5–6 with the spiritual resurrection of the believer occurring at his new birth. He contrasts it to the second resurrection which he defines as the resurrection of the body. It is singular that in his opening chapter he totally ignores the context in which the expression is found. Beginning in chapter three, however, he retraces his steps with a verse-by-verse exposition of Revelation 20.

In his treatment of the binding of Satan, he defines the chain as the gospel. Satan is bound at the first coming of Christ only in the sense that he no longer can universally deceive all nations. Individuals can still be deceived. The binding is for the entire interadvent age, and the loosing for a little season is identified with the future tribulation. The first beast of Revelation 13 is pagan Rome. The second beast of Revelation 13 is the Roman Catholic Church. Much of the suffering and the martyrs which resulted is considered historically fulfilled. He explains the expression, “the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished,” as meaning simply that the “rest of mankind remained in spiritual deadness to the time that the thousand years ended” (p. 53).

While premillenarians will naturally disagree with this exposition, the volume can be commended as

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