The Divine Presence, Uncleanness, and Ezekiel’s Millennial Sacrifices -- By: Jerry M. Hullinger

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 163:652 (Oct 2006)
Article: The Divine Presence, Uncleanness, and Ezekiel’s Millennial Sacrifices
Author: Jerry M. Hullinger


The Divine Presence, Uncleanness,
and Ezekiel’s Millennial Sacrifices

Jerry M. Hullinger

Jerry M. Hullinger is a Bible teacher in Pensacola, Florida.

Covenant interpreters point out that if Ezekiel 40–48 is taken “normally,” as dispensationalists suggest, then blood sacrifices will be made in the future kingdom. This, covenant interpreters say, conflicts with the finished work of Christ. Ironically though, if dispensationalists do remain consistent with their hermeneutical method, the solution will be found.

The thesis of this article is that if the foundation for sacrifices in Leviticus is retained, it is not surprising that Ezekiel wrote that sacrifices will be reinstituted. In fact they should be expected. It would be disconcerting if Ezekiel made no mention of millennial sacrifices. To support this claim, it is necessary to discuss several issues, beginning with the theology of glory in Ezekiel.

The Theology of Glory in Ezekiel 40–48

Of significance is a notable parallel between Leviticus and Ezekiel 40–48. When the tabernacle was completed, Yahweh settled there to guide the new nation into the land of promise (Exod. 40). Because of God’s holy presence, it was necessary for the nation to have legislation and sacrificial rituals to permit Him to dwell in harmony with a sinful and unclean people. This tension is the rationale and purpose for the stipulations in Leviticus.1 A similar

event is recorded in Ezekiel. God removed His presence from the nation (Ezek. 8–11) because of their sin. However, Ezekiel foresaw the return of God’s glory during the millennial kingdom (Ezek. 40–48),2 thus necessitating once again legislation to enable the holy God to dwell with sinful and unclean people.3 The rationale for Ezekiel’s sacrifices is therefore the same as the rationale for sacrifices in Leviticus. In Exodus and Leviticus God was dwelling with unclean people. In Ezekiel 40–48 He will once again dwell with unclean people, because part of the millennial population will be in natural bodies and thus will be a source of uncleanness.

God’s glory4 ...

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