God And Man In Ecclesiastes -- By: Roy B. Zuck
BSac 175:700 (October-December 2018) p. 387
God And Man In Ecclesiastes
* This article, originally published in 1991, is presented here with minimal editing to commemorate Bibliotheca Sacra’s 175th anniversary. Roy B. Zuck served on the faculty of Dallas Theological Seminary from 1973 to 1996, holding positions as Professor of Bible Exposition, as Vice President for Academic Affairs and Academic Dean, and as editor of Bibliotheca Sacra from 1986 to 2013.
This article is adapted from Roy B. Zuck, “A Biblical Theology of the Wisdom Books and the Song of Songs,” in Biblical Theology (Chicago: Moody Press, 1991), and is used by permission.
Is Ecclesiastes A Misfit?
Through the centuries many people have questioned whether the Book of Ecclesiastes belongs in the biblical canon, and especially in the wisdom corpus. Since it seems to underscore the futility and uselessness of work, the triumph of evil, the limitations of wisdom, and the impermanence of life, Ecclesiastes appears to be a misfit.
Because it apparently contradicts other portions of Scripture and presents a pessimistic outlook on life, in a mood of existential despair, many have viewed it as running counter to the rest of Scripture or have concluded that it presents only man’s reasoning apart from divine revelation. Smith wrote, “There is no spiritual uplift embodied within these pages. . . . Ecclesiastes . . . accomplishes only one thing, confusion. Reason is elevated throughout the whole work as the tool with which man may seek and find truth.”1 Scott affirms that the author of Ecclesiastes “is a rationalist, a skeptic, a pessimist, and a fatalist. . . . In most respects his view runs counter to his religious fellow Jews.”2 Crenshaw speaks of the “oppressiveness” of Ecclesiastes, which conveys the view “that life is profitless; totally absurd.”3 Since “virtue does not bring
BSac 175:700 (October-December 2018) p. 388
reward” and since God “stands distant, abandoning humanity to chance and death,” this book, Crenshaw asserts, contrasts “radically with earlier teachings expressed in the book of Proverbs.”4 “Qoheleth discerns no moral order at all,”5 for “life amounts to nothing.”6
Elements in the book that supposedly suggest this outlook of secularist despair include (a) the repeated refrains, “ever...
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