Bible Personages in Archaeology -- By: Bryant G. Wood
BSpade 14:1 (Winter 2001) p. 21
Bible Personages in Archaeology
Tiglath-pileser III King of Assyria, Menahem King of Israel, Ahaz King of Judah, Peqah King of Israel and Rezin King of Aram
[In this continuing series, ABR director Bryant Wood profiles Biblical characters whose lives have been attested in archaeological finds. This article features five kings from four different nations during the eighth and seventh centuries BC.]
Tiglath-pileser III is the first of five Assyrian kings named in the Bible, the others being Shalmaneser V, Sargon II, Sennacherib and Esarhaddon. They ruled between 745 and 669 BC. These five kings are named in the correct order in the Bible and accurate information is given about each one. Moreover, the accuracy of the recording and transmission process of the Old Testament is also attested by the proper spelling of their names in the Hebrew manuscripts which we possess today.
BSpade 14:1 (Winter 2001) p. 22
A.R. Millard of the University of Liverpool in England has done a comparison of the spelling of the names of the Assyrian kings in the Old Testament and in contemporary Assyrian records. It must be remembered that the documents from which our Old Testament is translated date to the tenth century AD and therefore the portions dealing with the kings of Assyria have been copied and re-copied for a period of 1600-1700 years. The Assyrian records, on the other hand, are contemporary records dating to the time of the Assyrian kings. Millard (1976:14) concluded the following:
This examination has shown how closely the Hebrew writings of Assyrian royal names conform to their contemporary appearances in...
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