Book Reviews -- By: Anonymous

Journal: Faith and Mission
Volume: FM 18:3 (Summer 2001)
Article: Book Reviews
Author: Anonymous

Book Reviews

Biblical Studies

A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and other Early Christian Literature, edited by Frederick William Danker. 3d ed., based on Walter Bauer’s Griechisch-deutsches Worterhuch zu den Schriften des Neuen Testaments und der frühchristlichen Literatur, 6th ed. Chicago/London: Chicago University Press, 2000. Pp. 1108.

Students of the NT are generally familiar with the second English edition of this lexicon, which appeared in 1979 and was based on the fifth German edition. That edition was very useful in that it included references to previously unavailable text witnesses, material from Qumran, and parallels from extrabiblical texts. It had been prepared by Gingrich and Danker (Arndt had died in 1957).

Frederick Danker became solely responsible for the third edition of the Greek-English lexicon after Gingrich’s death in 1993. Its foundation was the previous English editions as well as the sixth German edition, which had appeared in the meantime. The preparation of this new edition was made possible by support from the Committee for Scholarly Research of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod.

The lexicon covers the vocabulary of the New Testament and “other early Christian literature.” By “other early Christian literature” is meant the apostolic fathers and selected apocrypha, the latter mainly including apocryphal Acts and Gospels, plus some Gnostic texts, many of them preserved on papyri. The lexicon quotes all occurrences of all words, except the most common ones, that appear in the main text of the 27th edition of Nestle-Aland’s Novum Testamentum Graece of 1993. Comparative material is brought in from a variety of sources, including literary texts, papyri, and inscriptions. In each lemma it is indicated where the word is attested for the first time in Greek, and words occurring in the Septuagint or intertestamental literature are always indicated. The meanings of the words are well illustrated and explained with parallels from other Greek texts, usually texts contemporary with the NT and early Christian writers.

This edition is an indispensable tool for the NT scholar and student. For those with a more general interest in the interpretation of Greek texts, it is an important complement to Liddell-Scott-Jones’ Greek-English Lexicon and Lampe’s Patristic Greek Lexicon.

David Alan Black

The Basics of New Testament Syntax: An Intermediate Greek Grammar, by Daniel B. Wallace. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2000. Pp. 334.

The Basics of New Testament Syntax (henceforth referred to as The Basics) is an abridgment of Wallac...

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