The Biblical Theology Regarding Homosexuality -- By: Jenise T. Stewart

Journal: Faith and Mission
Volume: FM 20:3 (Summer 2003)
Article: The Biblical Theology Regarding Homosexuality
Author: Jenise T. Stewart

The Biblical Theology Regarding Homosexuality

Jenise T. Stewart

M.Div. Student
Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary
Wake Forest, North Carolina 27587

In this paper I will confirm the biblical teaching that all homosexual practices are contrary to the will of God for humanity. Homosexuality is the sexual attraction toward a person of the same sex or the sexual relations between such persons. Lesbians are female homosexuals. Every race and culture is affected by homosexual activity, and therefore should be a concern to all Christians. There are two main opposing views. The first is that homosexuality is sin, and the second is that it is a legitimate alternative lifestyle, often being labeled as normal.

The morality of homosexual behavior is one of the most critical issues facing the church in America today. The homosexual activists do not seek tolerance; rather they seek public legitimization, public approval, and public celebration of homosexuality as right and good. This is generating a monumental shift in the moral paradigm governing American society, and the freedom to teach religious moral doctrine openly without restrictions is at stake. Ultimately, it is the public witness of the gospel that is being put into jeopardy.1 It falls under the doctrine of humanity that one must study homosexuality, while using different areas of theology to formulate the derived information and conclusions.

Homosexuality itself is not a new issue. Homosexual practices were known in the ancient world. Several Greek philosophers, for example, reported their involvement in homosexual acts. Homosexual acts were also present in the ancient Semitic world, as evidenced by injunctions against them found in the Hebrew Torah. So widespread were such acts in the Roman empire that Paul listed them among the sins of the pagans that Christians were to avoid. Nor did the Christianization of the Western world mark the eradication of homosexual activity. On the contrary, church theologians and ethicists have grappled with this issue from the patristic era into the present. Prior to modern times homosexuality was understood in terms of activities, and such practices were generally viewed as deviant, a perversion of normal sexual relations, if not blatantly sinful. As a result, engaging in homosexual acts generally carried social condemnation. Two recent developments however, have brought sweeping changes in the outlook

toward homosexuality. The modern outlook defines homosexuality more in terms of a personal orientation or a sexual inversion and it is seen as a lifelong pattern.

First, the rise of modern p...

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