Groundbreaking Studies in 1 Timothy 2 -- By: Anonymous

Journal: Journal for Biblical Manhood and Womanhood
Volume: JBMW 01:1 (Aug 1995)
Article: Groundbreaking Studies in 1 Timothy 2
Author: Anonymous


Groundbreaking Studies in 1 Timothy 2

CBMW is pleased to offer pre-publication copies of two recent studies on 1 Timothy 2:12. The new research in these papers is so significant that we expect many “fence sitters” who have been confused will decide that these papers settle the meaning once and for all.

H. Scott Baldwin, “A Difficult Word in 1 Timothy 2:12” (12 pages, $2.00).This definitive paper is the most extensive study ever done on the meaning of authentein, “to have authority over,” based on an exhaustive computer search of the word in all of ancient Greek literature. Baldwin, a recent Ph.D. graduate in New Testament from Trinity International University, shows that feminist writers have frequently confused nouns and adjectives with the verb authentein, and that, in actuality, there is no legitimate linguistic basis for the feminist claims that authentein can mean “to usurp authority” or “to murder," or (as the Kroegers claim) “to proclaim oneself author of man."

Andreas Köstenberger, “A Difficult Sentence Structure in 1 Timothy 2:12” (26 pages, $3.00) This ground-breaking study analyzes the grammatical structure found in 1 Timothy 2:12, “not to teach nor to have authority.”

Köstenberger, a New Testament faculty member at Trinity International University, used extensive computer searches to locate the general pattern “not (verb) nor (verb)” in 52 other examples in the New Testament and 48 examples outside the New Testament. In every case, both activities are viewed positively or both activities are viewed negatively.

Therefore, if the activity of “teaching” is viewed as a positive thing in 1 Timothy (which it is), then the activity of “having authority” must also be viewed positively. Köstenberger’s study thus excludes negative senses such as “usurp authority” or “domineer,” which feminist interpreters have attached to the verb authentein.

In addition, this study shows that two activities, “teach” and “have authority,” are in view here, in contrast to the egalitarian claim that only one activity (“teach in a domineering way”) is indicated.

Both of these studies, together with others, will appear this fall in the forthcoming book, Women in the Church: A Fresh Analysis of 1 Timothy 2:9–15, edited by H. Scott Baldwin, Andreas J. Köstenberger, and Thomas R. Schreiner, to be released this fall by Baker Book House.

Dr. Schreiner is a member of CBMW and we congratulate him...

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