The Importance of the Davidic Covenant -- By: David Olander

Journal: Journal of Dispensational Theology
Volume: JODT 10:31 (Dec 2006)
Article: The Importance of the Davidic Covenant
Author: David Olander

The Importance of the Davidic Covenant

David Olander, Ph.D, Th.D

Professor of Biblical Languages and Theology, Tyndale Theological Seminary

“When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men, but My lovingkindness shall not depart from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever.” (2 Samuel 7:12–16)1

The Davidic covenant defines God’s covenanted throne, kingdom, and heir. God’s covenanted theocratic kingdom program and David’s throne and kingdom are the same. This is also known as the millennial kingdom where Christ will reign from David’s throne over Israel and every nation literally for one thousand years. The Davidic covenant establishes David’s seed who literally descends from the lineage of David, and who literally reigns from David’s throne over David’s kingdom of Israel, the Jews. This covenant fully establishes David’s house, throne, and kingdom forever. The Davidic covenant is of great importance and is essential to God’s program, and to understand God’s program one must fully understand the David covenant.

Kings Were Promised in the Abrahamic Covenant

God had already established there would be kings coming from the Abrahamic seed line (Gen. 17:6). This line was identified as far as Jacob (Gen. 35:10–12), and then Judah (Gen. 49:10–12), but the continuation and details of the kingly line and the kingdom were not established and fully covenanted until David (2

Sam. 7:12–16). The covenant with David defines the throne and kingdom of David, along with all the essential details of the seed line and its establishment so it is definite as to who inherits the Davidic throne and kingdom.

In the history of the kings of Israel, it was obvious that Saul was not God’s choice as king; this was the will of the people. God had already planned to establish a ki...

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