Jeremiah’s Seventy Years According To Daniel: An Evaluation Of The Major Views And Their Implications For The Interpretation Of Prophecy -- By: Daniel P. Wiley

Journal: Journal of Dispensational Theology
Volume: JODT 22:65 (Autumn 2018)
Article: Jeremiah’s Seventy Years According To Daniel: An Evaluation Of The Major Views And Their Implications For The Interpretation Of Prophecy
Author: Daniel P. Wiley


Jeremiah’s Seventy Years According To Daniel:
An Evaluation Of The Major Views And
Their Implications For The Interpretation Of Prophecy

Daniel Wiley

* Daniel Wiley, M.Div., Ph.D. student, Baptist Bible Seminary, Clarks Summit, Pennsylvania; adjunct professor, Grand Canyon University, Phoenix, Arizona

The interpretation of Old Testament prophecy is one of the most difficult and controversial activities within theology and biblical studies.1 Beyond the normal interpretive issues of time, culture, geography, and language,2 the prophets’ use of baffling imagery and reference to distant – but nonetheless significant – historical events frustrate students of Scripture living in the modern period.3 Furthermore, the principle of dual fulfillment, that any prophetic Scripture has one meaning but can have multiple fulfillments that may or may not have been known to the human author, presents its own challenges in interpretation.4 Such difficulties easily deter the less determined believer from pondering the mysteries of the prophets. However, since one’s interpretation of Old Testament prophecy has a

substantial impact upon one’s theology, and especially eschatology, this subject is of no little significance.5

In current research, the interpretation of the New Testament’s use of the Old Testament, a field Leroy Huizenga argued “has become an effective sub-discipline within biblical scholarship,”6 dominates the study of Old Testament prophecy.7 The reasons for this focus are legion.8

Although these reasons are diverse and present unique challenges, they ultimately lead to one important question: What is the correct hermeneutical practice of interpreting prophecy as presented by Scripture?

Regrettably, very few publications explain the Old Testament’s use of the Old Testament on the same subject. This neglect is unfortunate. Conservative scholarship affirms the full inspiration of Scripture, and thus concludes that when the Bible speaks, God speaks. This is an obvious point, but its implications have great impact upon the citation of Scripture by Scripture. Whenever the word of God cites itse...

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