From Beelines To Plotlines: Typology That Follows The Covenantal Topography Of Scripture -- By: David Schrock

Journal: Southern Baptist Journal of Theology
Volume: SBJT 21:1 (Spring 2017)
Article: From Beelines To Plotlines: Typology That Follows The Covenantal Topography Of Scripture
Author: David Schrock


From Beelines To Plotlines: Typology That Follows The Covenantal Topography Of Scripture

David Schrock

David Schrock is Pastor of Preaching and Theology at Occoquan Bible Church, Woodbridge, Virginia, and adjunct professor of systematic theology at Indianapolis Theological Seminary, Boyce College, and The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. He earned his PhD in systematic theology from The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. Previously, Dr. Schrock served as the assistant editor and contributor for the Journal for Biblical Manhood and Womanhood and presently, he is an associate research fellow for the Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission. He has written for The Gospel Coalition, Credo Magazine, 9Marks Journal, Desiring God, Southern Baptist Journal of Theology, Southeastern Theological Review, Criswell Theological Review, and has contributed a chapter to Whomever He Wills: A Surprising Display of God’s Mercy (Founders, 2012).

Perhaps you have heard or repeated Charles Spurgeon’s famous axiom, “I take my text and make a beeline to the cross.” The trouble is Charles Spurgeon probably never said it.1 Worse, the simplistic axiom fails to account for the textual shape and biblical contours of the Bible, not to mention the infelicitous way it misjudges the course of honeybees.2 Hence, any bird-like—not bee-like—exposition flying straight to Jesus may result in a cruciform shape, but without properly adhering to the originating text. “Text-driven” preachers are right to critique sermons if they fly above the text to get to Jesus.3 Likewise, biblical theologians are right to insist expositors show their work when making typological connections.4

Addressing these concerns, this essay will argue for a thicker reading of Scripture. It will argue that standing underneath any legitimate type is a

covenantal topography, a biblical terrain that rises and falls throughout Israel’s covenant history, which all types follow in their own unique way as they run toward Christ and his Church.5 Therefore, in addition to the standard “tests” for valid types,6 I will demonstrate how biblical types follow this covenantal topography from historical prototype, through covenantal ectypes, to their intended antitype—namely, the person and work of Christ. From ther...

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