SBJT Forum -- By: Anonymous
SBJT 21:1 (Spring 2017) p. 145
Joshua M. Philpot is Pastor for Worship and Administration at Founders Baptist Church in Houston, Texas. In addition to this role, he is adjunct professor at Houston Baptist University and The Expositors Seminary. He earned his PhD in Old Testament at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. Dr. Philpot has published articles and book reviews in the Bulletin for Biblical Research, Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, Journal for the Evangelical Study of the Old Testament, Journal of Ecclesial Theology, and Journal for Biblical Manhood and Womanhood. Dr. Philpot and his wife, Jennifer, have four children.
SBJT: How Does Scripture Teach The Adam-Christ Typological Connection?
Joshua M. Philpot: The main features of biblical typology are historical correspondence and escalation, which can be applied to persons, events, and institutions. Typology is first an attempt to analyze the relationships between texts of Scripture (where they exist) within the redemptive-historical framework of the Bible, and second, it seeks to understand and embrace the worldview of the biblical authors who wrote under divine inspiration (2 Tim 3:16; 2 Pet 1:20-21). Finally, typological relationships arise out of the text and should not be forced onto the text. In this way, typology is distinguished from allegory in that it involves real historical realities and presupposes corresponding events.
The Bible is full of people who are identified by the standard criteria as types in one epoch (e.g., Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Joseph, David, Elijah), which involves a fundamentally organic relation between their counterparts in later epochs (e.g., principally Jesus, but also other prophets like Moses and John the Baptist). Let us think specifically about the Adam-Christ typological relationship in Scripture.
As an exercise in biblical theology, we must look not only at explicit statements of Adam-Christ in typological relation but also at the Adam-Christ relationship from the larger framework of Scripture. Biblical texts do not stand in isolation to one another, rather, “all of the individual texts of the Scriptures stand in a teleological relation to one another because they have one divine author who has brought the facts of history into teleological relation to one another” (Richard Lints, The Fabric of Theology, 273). Yet, theological patterns are intrinsic to the Bible and should not be the creation of
SBJT 21:1 (Spring 2017) p. 146
the interpreter. In fact, Paul’s assertion in Romans 5:14 that Adam is a “type” (typos<...
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