The Benefactions Of Antiochus IV Epiphanes and Dan 11:37-38 An Exegetical Note -- By: Mark Mercer
MSJ 12:1 (Spring 01) p. 89
The Benefactions Of Antiochus IV Epiphanes and Dan 11:37-38
An Exegetical Note
Daniel 11:37–38 cannot refer to Antiochus IV Epiphanes as four of the five views regarding Dan 11:36–45 hold. The two verses indicate that the individual in view will not show favor to any gods and will honor a god of fortresses who was not worshiped by his ancestors. Antiochus does not fit either of these descriptions, particularly in his religious gifts to Greek cities that were of a religious nature. The balance of evidence favors the fifth view that holds Dan 11:36–45 is a prophecy to be fulfilled by a future king.
One of the most difficult problems in the survey of the Hellenistic period in Daniel 11 is the relationship of the King of the North in vv. 36–45 to Antiochus IV Epiphanes.1 Five different views on the problem exist: (1) all ten verses are a historical account of the reign of Antiochus IV;2 (2) vv. 36–39 are a historical account of Antiochus and vv. 40–45 are a prophecy of the latter part of his reign;3
MSJ 12:1 (Spring 01) p. 90
(3) vv. 36–45 were historically fulfilled by Antiochus and vv. 40–45 are a summary of his entire reign;4 (4) vv. 36–45 refer both to Antiochus and a future king;5 and (5) vv. 36–45 were not fulfilled by Antiochus, but will be fulfilled by a future king.6
In discussions favoring the fifth view not much has been done to exhaust the argument that the king in vv. 36–39 cannot refer to Antiochus because his benefactions to various cults contradict what is said about the religion of the king of the North. These gifts show that in contrast to what is said about the king in vv. 37–38, Antiochus did ho...
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