Interpreting Old Testament Prophetic Literature In Matthew: Double Fulfillment -- By: Craig L. Blomberg

Journal: Trinity Journal
Volume: TRINJ 23:1 (Spring 2002)
Article: Interpreting Old Testament Prophetic Literature In Matthew: Double Fulfillment
Author: Craig L. Blomberg

Interpreting Old Testament Prophetic Literature In Matthew:
Double Fulfillment

Craig L. Blomberga

The mid-to-late-1980s saw a flurry of evangelical interest in the NT’s use of the OT. Moisés Silva and Darrell Bock discussed how one might categorize the various uses in terms of both hermeneutics and text type.1 Walter Kaiser strongly maintained that OT authors consciously intended much of what the NT writers described in terms of fulfillment,2 while Douglas Moo defended a cautious use of sensus plenior.3 Richard Longenecker and Gregory Beale debated the reproducibility of NT exegesis of the Old.4 An anthology edited by D. A. Carson and Hugh Williamson presented a survey of each NT corpus’ use of the OT and key scholarship on the topic.5 But no consensus on any of the major issues was established and evangelical interest seemingly turned to other issues.6 During the

1990s the majority of the discussion of “intertextuality” between the Testaments, as it is increasingly termed, took place outside evangelical circles and, across the entire theological spectrum, published research consistently narrowed itself to more focused studies of specific passages and themes rather than treating broader hermeneutical questions.7

The new millennium holds out hope for progress on the projects largely abandoned after the eighties, as Carson and Beale are editing a major reference work to be published by Baker on the use of the OT in the New.8 Employing Richard Hays’s categories of quotation, allusion, and echo,9 it is designed to be a fairly comprehensive analysis of the meaning of each major NT reference to the Old and, for full-fledged quotations, an assessment of the OT passage in its original context, its pre-Christian Jewish history of interpretation, the text-form used by the NT writer, and a categorization of the hermeneutic employed in its NT context.10 This project is an extremely welcome development. Focusing simply on the particular area of interest of this essay, the gospel of Matthew, it is noteworthy that the major works on Matthew’s u...

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