Recent Ph.D. Dissertations At Trinity Evangelical Divinity School -- By: Anonymous
TRINJ 30:1 (Spring 2009) p. 129
Recent Ph.D. Dissertations At Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
Doctoral Student: Michael D. Fiorello
Dissertation Mentor: Richard E. Averbeck
The Physically Disabled In Ancient Israel According To The Old Testament And Ancient Near Eastern Sources
This dissertation examining ancient texts related to disabilities is an attempt to understand community responses to disabled persons among the peoples of the ancient world. By examining ANE law collections, societal conventions, and religious obligations toward the physically disabled an understanding of the disabled person’s world may be acquired. This study seeks to demonstrate that the Bible indicates that the disabled were accepted, cared for, and accorded dignity (Exod 4:11; Lev 19:14-15). It also demonstrates that the Bible does not use disability language etiologically to explain divine judgment, but in relation to expressions of wholeness/ holiness. Consequently, physical perfection of both priests (Lev 21:17-23) and offerings (Lev 1:3, 10; 3:1, 6; 4:3, 23, 28, 32; 5:15, 18; 6:6; 9:2-3; 14:10; 22:19-21, 25; Deut 15:21; 17:1) were essential.
The literal sense of these terms gives way to their metaphorical use in prophetic literature (Isa 6:10; 30:20-21; 32:1-7; 35:4-10; 42:16-25; Ezek 5:6; 20:13, 16; Jer 5:21-31; 6:10-21; 12: 2; 17:23; Zech 7:11-14). In biblical prophetic literature disability terminology is used to describe Israel’s moral or spiritual conditions and to censure Israel’s unfaithfulness. Biblical prophets used this vocabulary to analyze Israel’s condition, stressing the prece...
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