Audeitorion -- By: Colin J. Hemer

Journal: Tyndale Bulletin
Volume: TYNBUL 24:1 (NA 1973)
Article: Audeitorion
Author: Colin J. Hemer


C. J. Hemer

From the first century AD the epigraphy of Ephesus shows an increasing abundance of borrowings and transliterations of Latin words.

The unique αὐδειτώριον (‘lecture-hall’) is peculiar to an inscription found near the Library of Celsus and referring to the paving laid before both buildings.1 The text is not dated, but may be presumed to belong soon after the construction of the library in the early second century AD.2

The original auditorium is frequent in the same sense in the context of Silver Latin rhetoric (Seneca, Ep. 52.11; Quint. Inst. 2.11.3; Tac. Dial. 9.3; Pliny, Ep. 7.17.3). Suetonius (Tiberius 11.3) has circa scholas et auditoria. These two words may be nearly synonymous. We recall the σχολὴ Τυράννου in this very city (Acts 19:9).

1 ἡ πόλις τὸ σύστρωμα τὸ πρὸ τοῦ αὐδειτωρίου καὶ τῆς Κέλσου βιβλιοθήκης κατεσκεέασεν [sic] . . . (Jahreshefte des österreichischen archäologischen Instituts in Wien 7 (1904) Beiblatt 52). The word is noted in LSJ Supplement.

2 C. Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, in whose honour the library was erected, was proconsul of Asia in AD 106/7 (cf. G. E. Bean, Aegean Turkey, Ernest Benn, London (1966) 175).

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