The Glory Of YHWH In The Old Testament With Special Attention To The Book Of Ezekiel -- By: Pieter de Vries

Journal: Tyndale Bulletin
Volume: TYNBUL 62:1 (NA 2011)
Article: The Glory Of YHWH In The Old Testament With Special Attention To The Book Of Ezekiel
Author: Pieter de Vries


The Glory Of YHWH In The Old Testament With Special Attention To The Book Of Ezekiel1

Pieter de Vries

This study focuses on the use of כָּבוֹד in the Old Testament and especially in the book of Ezekiel. The specific approach of this study is not only to analyse כָּבוֹד itself but also its most important synonyms as well as its main equivalent in Aramaic, יְקָר. Biblical texts are approached from a canonical perspective, and the synchronic approach prevails over the diachronic.

Chapter 1. Besides surveys of the use of כָּבוֹד ordered according to several categories, overviews are given of the frequency and distribution of the verb כבד and the nouns הָדָר, הוֹד, יְקָר (Hebrew), תִּפְאֶרֶת and תְּהִלָּה. Out of a total of 200 occurrences of כָּבוֹד, about one hundred are directly related to Yhwh. Two verbs are used most frequently in relation to כָּבוֹד, namely ראה and מלא. Related to the verb מלא the word כָּבוֹד always has the meaning of hypostasis. Connected with ראה it can have the meaning of God’s saving and judging activity in history and eschatology, but also in this case it has primarily the meaning of hypostasis. Chapter 2 analyses the semantic value of כָּבוֹד. The results underline the royal character of כָּבוֹד.

In Chapter 3 the occurrences of כָּבוֹד in the Old Testament with the exception of the book of Ezekiel are considered. In Exodus to Numbers the manifestation of the כָּבוֹד of Yhwh is related to the knowledge that Yhwh is God. The glory of Yhwh is especially revealed in the exodus from Egypt. The ultimate goal of the exodus is the dwelling of Yhwh’s כָּבוֹד in the tabernacle. From Exodus 16 to Numbers 20 the כָּבוֹד of Yhwh belongs to the centre of the narratives. The narratives m...

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