Reviews Of Books -- By: Anonymous

Journal: Westminster Theological Journal
Volume: WTJ 19:1 (Nov 1956)
Article: Reviews Of Books
Author: Anonymous

Reviews Of Books

Leon Morris: The Apostolic Preaching of the Cross. London: The Inter-Varsity Fellowship; Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. 1955. 296. 15/- or $3.50.

Our century has witnessed a rather intense renewal of interest in the careful scrutiny of the New Testament vocabulary. In three respects, in particular, significant investigations have been conducted which in many cases have cast valuable light on the meaning of words used in the New Testament. (1) The discovery and analysis of a great number of papyri has considerably enlarged our knowledge of Hellenistic Greek in the vicinity of the first century A. D. Comparisons with the language of the New Testment have often been extraordinarily stimulating and enlightening. (2) It is quite evident that most New Testament writers were well acquainted with the LXX translation of the Old Testament. Undoubtedly then the language of the LXX must have exerted a great influence upon them. Recently important and fruitful studies have been made along this line. (3) Much light can be shed on the Palestinian background of the New Testament if reference is made to extra-biblical Jewish writings. Rabbinic and Talmudic literatures are rich mines, replete with materials of value for an exact understanding of New Testament times and terminology.

Now it must be owned that much of the work in these areas has been accomplished by representatives of Liberal or Neo-orthodox Protestantism. Kittel’s Theologisches Wörterbuch zum Neuen Testament is an outstanding example of the consistent application of these methods pressed into the service of a mediating theology. We regret to say that thus far clear-cut conservative writers have contributed but little in this direction. In some cases they even fail to evidence a satisfactory acquaintance with the labors of others in this respect. It is therefore a cause for special rejoicing that a man of unquestionable orthodoxy and of acknowledged competence should undertake to conduct a careful investigation of the New Testament terminology of redemption with extensive use of the latest techniques. Dr. L. Morris is Vice-Principal of Ridley Hall in Melbourne, Australia, President of the Tyndale Fellowship in that country, and articles over his signature have appeared in a number of theological periodicals of note, including The Expository Times and the Journal of Theological Studies.

In the present work Dr. Morris passes under review in successive chapters

the New Testament words for redemption, covenant, blood, propitiation, reconciliation, and justification. In each case he considers the use made of these words, or their Hebrew equivalent, in the Hebrew Old Testament, in the LXX, in ot...

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